Roof Materials

Victorian profile corrugated sheeting on pitched roofs.

Clip-lok’ or IBR roofing is acceptable if not visible from the street and only on roofs with a pitch less than 5˚ and if hidden behind a horizontal parapet wall.

Sympathetic use of colour.

Roofs that overhang end gables should extend no more than 100mm. Overhang of horizontal eaves should be  similarly limited.

Pitch of Roof

The pitch of the roof is an important part of the overall appearance of the building. Many roofs have a reasonably high pitch to cater for storage space and/ or loft living.

Main Structure—Pitched Roof: Minimum 30˚; maximum: 45˚.


Varying from 3˚ – 15˚. Any main roof with a pitch of less than 15˚ should be hidden behind a horizontal parapet wall, especially when visible from the street.

Verandas: 3˚ – 15˚.

Superstructure Walls

Many of the older houses in De Rust are built from mud bricks and therefore are plastered and painted.

This is the main reason that the use of face-brick and un-plastered walls are not aesthetically acceptable.

Recommendations are:

Plastered and painted brickwork – smooth, traditional sponged or stippled plaster.

Sympathetic use of colour.

No face brick, fibre-cement, pre-cast concrete or any unfinished material.


Verandas are an important feature of Oudtshoorn/De Rust’s streetscape. They were predominantly intended to protect the main house from weather elements.

De Rust Veranda

The Main Features Are:

  • Open verandas parallel to the street.
  • Diamond-shaped windows at the sides.
  • Vertically oriented sash windows and front doors leading onto the veranda.
  • Verandas parallel to and facing the street must not be enclosed by more than one third.
  • When replacing wooden veranda elements, a steel structure which is painted may be used.

When alterations are made, the re-opening of any previously enclosed street-facing veranda is encouraged.

Verandas may be enclosed with burglar bars which are painted a dark colour and are plain not ornate.

Windows and Doors

Windows and doors are important features and should be sympathetic to the overall design of the building.

The main features are:

Vertically proportioned windows and doors. Any horizontal proportioned windows should be set back from the primary plane and not be visible from the street. Multiple windows can be separated by masonry columns to achieve vertical proportions.

  • A traditional relationship between solids and voids.
  • Sash windows, where architecturally and stylistically appropriate.
  • Wooden framed windows and wooden doors are preferable, although powder coated or colour-anodised aluminium materials of compatible profile are acceptable.
  • Large openings are uncharacteristic and if planned should open onto covered areas and preferably not on the street elevation.
  • Single street-facing garage. Where a double garage is required, two single doors separated by a masonry column should be used rather than one large double door.
Heritage Windows

Carports and Pergolas

Timber pole structures are discouraged.  Construction in steel or timber.  Timber can be oiled and painted.  All steel to be painted

Carports and Pergoals

External Woodwork

Paint external woodwork which will protect the wood.  External hardwood such as teak or oak should not be painted, rather it should be treated.

Woodwork Heritage De Rust

Dormer Windows

Since lofts were generally used for storage, dormer windows were not a feature of early architecture.

With the contemporary conversion of lofts to living areas, light and ventilation have become requirements. To achieve this, skylight windows are encouraged. However, should dormer windows be a desired option, they should be:

  • Not visible from the street in the case of type B dormers.
  • Subsidiary elements in relation to the scale of the roof from which they protrude; i.e. should not constitute more than a third of the roof space.
  • Located at least 500 mm below the ridge line, 500 mm above the eaves line, and 1 metre inside the gable line.
Dormer Windows


Chimneys should relate to the building’s design and proportions.

Boundary Walls and Fencing

Boundary walls and fences are an important aspect of a building’s presentation in a streetscape. In order to maintain the ambience of Oudtshoorn/De Rust, it is vital to avoid, and where possible reverse, the prevailing trend towards enclosing buildings behind high walls for security reasons.

Maximum Height:

  • Rear and side boundary walls: 2 m
  • Street boundary walls; visually permeable, eg: palisade—no solid walls.
  • Heritage wall older than 60 years; visually permeable with a fence behind the existing old wall.



  • Masonry walls, plastered and painted.
  • Natural stone.
  • Wooden pickets or planks (vertically oriented).
  • Hedges.
  • No pre-cast concrete or corrugated iron.
  • No face brick.
  • No elaborate detailing (e.g. swirls, “fleurs-du-lis” etc.) – keep it simple.

Visually Permeable (not more than 30% solid) Street Side:

  • Wire fencing, wooden pickets or latte.
  • Vertically oriented wrought or galvanised iron uninterrupted by brick piers; preferably painted in dark colours.
Methodist Mans Oudtshoorn
A good example where the original stone wall is kept in situ and a palisade fence erected a metre behind it allowing for a permeable view.

External Fittings

While the positioning of installations such as external geysers and rainwater tanks is often prescribed by practical considerations, it is recommended that:

  • Satellite dishes, TV aerials and external geysers should not be visible from the street and should not protrude above the ridge-line.
  • Air conditioners and heat pumps must consist of split units, with the external units no higher than 1m from the ground.
  • Rainwater tanks should be carefully placed in relation to the form of the building and, if visible from the street, should be either painted to match the building or suitably screened.
  • Solar panels, if visible from the street, should be mounted on the roof at the same pitch as the roof.

Protected and Significant Trees

Certain indigenous tree species are legally protected by the National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act, 2004 (Act No. 10 of 2004) and may not be removed without a permit. In addition, the NHRA provides protection for other indigenous and non-indigenous mature trees (e.g. English oaks) that qualify as significant in their context.


Signage can have a big impact on the aesthetics of a building or location, either enhancing or detracting from it. It is important that it should be sympathetic in style and in proportion with its surroundings, and convey its information without undue boldness.

Signs should never cover up or detract from historical or architectural features.